Volume 5, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 28-38
Clothing for the College Girls from the Victorian Days to the 1940s
Miku Hirata, Graduate School of Human Sciences and Design, Japan Women's University, Tokyo, Japan
Received: Jun. 8, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 30, 2020;       Published: Jul. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajad.20200502.12      View  107      Downloads  35
Abstract
The paper provides an insight regarding the clothing for college girls from the Victorian days to the 1940s. It elaborates on game wears, clothing for tea and cocoa parties, evening dresses, and academic dresses while taking into consideration the degree being pursued. The primary sources for information are their autobiographies, memoirs, diaries, letters, and other records. Upon studying these records a few factors are evident. College girls attempted to cope with ‘double conformity’, that is, two standards, 'to study better than the men’ and ‘to be ladylike’. However, these often could not be achieved together. They managed to address this by first changing dark day dresses into beautiful evening dresses, and second, by wearing academic dresses with triangular soft caps which demonstrated both their professionalism and seriousness of purpose and their femininity. Furthermore, clothes played an important role in indicating their identity. While participating in sports, game wear had an important role in displaying solidarity and promoting a sense of belonging to their own team or college. When the ceremonies such as evening and tea parties were held, they wore special dresses for the parties to display a sense of participation in their community.
Keywords
College Girls, Game Wear, Evening Dress, Academic Dress, Identity
To cite this article
Miku Hirata, Clothing for the College Girls from the Victorian Days to the 1940s, American Journal of Art and Design. Vol. 5, No. 2, 2020, pp. 28-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ajad.20200502.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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