Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 48-57
A Study of the Interior Furniture and Decorative Motifs of Acheamenid and Sassanid
Ladan Abouali, College of Fine Arts, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
Jianlin Ni, College of Fine Arts, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China
Jake Kaner, School of Art and Design, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK
Received: Oct. 13, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 1, 2019;       Published: Nov. 14, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajad.20190404.12      View  82      Downloads  16
Abstract
This study reviews two types of Persian interior furniture; court furniture such as chairs and beds, also known as thrones and Persian rugs, through an examination of taxonomy; their general types, structure, and decorative patterns, which were used in two important Pre-Islamic era in Iran; Achaemenid (530-330 B. C.) and Sassanid (224 to 651 A. D.). This topic is investigated to increase the understanding of the maturity of the Iranian interior furniture industry. Its symbolic system is also explored, which was based on animal and plant motifs, to consider the function of elements and symbolism on Iranian interior furniture. Extant evidence of high-level furniture and rugs in these periods have only remained in the form of artworks, wall carvings, and the traditional stories. Both rugs and high-level furniture were used extensively as luxurious items by the ruling classes and as such are the only sources that are considered here in this study. This surviving evidence shows how the ruling classes influenced the historical development of Iran's interior furnishing designs in both wood and carpet forms.
Keywords
Furniture, Interior Design, Motif, Acheamenid, Sassanid
To cite this article
Ladan Abouali, Jianlin Ni, Jake Kaner, A Study of the Interior Furniture and Decorative Motifs of Acheamenid and Sassanid, American Journal of Art and Design. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2019, pp. 48-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ajad.20190404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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